2 Heart Disease



Cholesterol IQ Quiz

Take this fast easy quiz and test your cholesterol knowledge.  The quiz is just 6 questions and each question is True or False..

1. I already have heart disease. It is too late to reduce my risk for further complications.

False. No, it's not too late to help your heart. In fact, because you already have heart disease, you should pay even more attention to your cholesterol level, because you stand to benefit even more. If you lower your blood cholesterol level, you can reduce your risk of a future heart attack and other complications and could actually prolong your life.


2. My last cholesterol level was within my goal. This means I do not have to worry about my cholesterol anymore.

False. High cholesterol and heart disease are not cured but are only controlled by diet and drug therapy. Stopping your treatment quickly returns your cholesterol to the level that existed before the therapy was started.


3. Eating less saturated fat is the best dietary change I can make to lower my blood cholesterol.

True. Saturated fat raises your blood cholesterol more than anything else you eat. It is found in the greatest amounts in foods from animals, such as fatty cuts of meat, poultry with skin, whole-milk dairy products, lard, and in some vegetable oils like coconut, palm kernel and palm oils. The best way to reduce your blood cholesterol level is to choose foods low in saturated fat. One way to do this is by choosing foods such as fruit, vegetables, and whole grain foods naturally low in saturated fat and fat and high in starch and fiber.

4. I should avoid all fat.

False. Your body needs fat for a variety of functions. Not all dietary fat is bad. However, it is true that some fats are better than others. If you don't already use oil or butter on foods, there is no reason to start. However, if you do add fats to your diet, look for fats and oils that are unsaturated -- either polyunsaturated (safflower, sunflower, corn, and soybean oils) or monounsaturated (olive and canola oils). Unsaturated fats help to lower blood cholesterol when they are substituted for saturated fat. Just be sure to limit the total amount of fats or oils, since even those that are unsaturated are a rich source of calories.

5. Losing weight if I am overweight will help me to lower my blood cholesterol.

True. If you are overweight, losing even a little weight can help to lower LDL-cholesterol. Two steps are key to weight loss: a.) eat fewer calories (cutting back on fat will really help) and b.) use more calories by becoming more physically active.

6. Exercise can improve blood cholesterol level.

True. Regular physical activity may reduce complications from heart disease by:  lowering LDL levels, raising HDL levels, lowering blood pressure, lowering triglyceride levels, reducing excess weight, and improving the fitness of your heart and lungs.

If you have heart disease, talk with your doctor before starting an activity to be sure you are following a safe program that works for you.


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